The implementation of the initial packages of President Duterte’s Comprehensive Tax Reform Program (CTRP) designed to significantly lower the personal income tax (PIT), provide amnesty to delinquent taxpayers, and impose higher taxes on so-called ‘sin’ products has brought in a total of P575.8 billion in additional revenues from 2018 to 2021, according to preliminary data gathered by the Department of Finance (DOF).
In a report to Finance Secretary Carlos Dominguez III, the DOF’s Domestic Finance Group (DFG) said that for 2021 alone, the tax take from the Tax Reform Acceleration and Inclusion (TRAIN) Law, the Tax Amnesty Act, and the Sin Tax Reform laws reached P228.6 billion, or 13.7 percent above the target for the year.
TRAIN (Republic Act or RA No. 10963) provided 99 percent of taxpayers with significant tax savings resulting from lower PIT rates; the Tax Amnesty Act (RA 11213) allowed errant taxpayers to settle their outstanding tax liabilities; and the Sin Tax Reform laws (RAs 11346 and 11467 along with certain TRAIN provisions) imposed higher excise taxes on cigarettes, heated tobacco products, vapor products, and alcoholic beverages.
Dominguez said the passage and implementation of these tax reform laws, along with the subsequent Corporate Recovery and Tax Incentives for Enterprises (CREATE) Act, make President Duterte’s CTRP almost 90-percent complete.
DOF OIC Undersecretary Valery Brion of the DFG said that in 2021, TRAIN contributed P171.1 billion in additional revenues, which is 8.3 percent above the target of P157.9 billion; the sin tax laws hauled in P52.9 billion, or 22.7 percent higher than the target of P43.1 billion; and tax amnesty provided an additional P4.6 billion.
Over a 4-year period from 2018 to 2021, TRAIN added P476.1 billion; the tax amnesty law, P14.6 billion; and the sin tax laws, P85.0 billion to the state coffers.
Brion said the incremental revenues from these tax reform laws were earmarked to fund President Duterte’s “Build, Build, Build” program and the Universal Health Care (UHC) program.
Earlier, the DFG reported that despite the implementation of the CREATE Law, which reduced the corporate income tax (CIT) rate from 30 percent to 20 percent for micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs) and 25 percent for all other corporations, the CIT remains to be the highest source of BIR collections, which accounts for around 22 percent on average of total tax revenues.
The share of CIT revenues to the gross domestic product (GDP) could have reached 3.2 percent without the pandemic, Brion said.
Dominguez said that TRAIN and the other enacted CTRP tax reform packages enabled the Duterte presidency to raise infrastructure spending to above 5 percent of GDP, double the level recorded by the previous four administrations.
It also allowed increased spending on social services for human capital development and gave the Philippines the fiscal strength to weather the worse of the COVID-19 global crisis in light of the huge financial requirement of pandemic response, he said.