Personal remittances from Overseas Filipinos (OFs) reached US$3.07 billion in January 2023, 3.5 percent higher than the US$2.97 billion recorded in the same month last year.
The increase in personal remittances in January 2023 was due to higher remittances sent by 1) land-based workers with work contracts of one year or more and 2) sea- and land-based workers with work contracts of less than one year.
Of the personal remittances from OFs, cash remittances coursed through banks increased by 3.5 percent to US$2.76 billion in January 2023 from US$2.67 billion registered in the comparable month a year ago. The expansion in cash remittances in January 2023 was due to the growth in receipts from land- and sea-based workers.
The growth in cash remittances from the United States (US), Saudi Arabia, Japan, and Singapore contributed largely to the increase in remittances in January 2023. Meanwhile, in terms of country sources, the US posted the highest share of overall remittances during the said month, followed by Singapore, Japan, and Saudi Arabia.
 There are some limitations on the remittance data by source. A common practice of remittance centers in various cities abroad is to course remittances through correspondent banks, most of which are located in the U.S. Also, remittances coursed through money couriers cannot be disaggregated by actual country source and are lodged under the country where the main offices are located, which, in many cases, is in the U.S. Therefore, the U.S. would appear to be the main source of OF remittances because banks attribute the origin of funds to the most immediate source. The countries are listed in order of their share of cash remittances, i.e., from highest to lowest.